MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
(for the six month period ended April 30, 2020) June 24, 2020
This management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) has been prepared by Roscan Gold Corporation’s (“Roscan” or the “Company”) management and provides a review of the Company’s operating and financial performance for the six month period ended April 30, 2020, as well as a view of future prospects. The MD&A should be read in conjunction with Roscan’s: unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements for the six month period ended April 30, 2020; and, audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2019. Additional information related to the Company is filed electronically on the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (SEDAR) and is available online at http://www.sedar.com.
Basis of presentation
Roscan’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). All amounts are expressed in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise noted.
NOTE: in this MD&A references to years, such as F2020, refer to the fiscal years ending October 31.
This MD&A may contain forward-looking statements, which may be influenced by factors described in the “Cautionary Statements” section of the MD&A. The “Risks and Uncertainties” section of this MD&A further describes other factors that could cause results or events to differ from expectations.
Roscan is a publicly-listed exploration company involved in the business of acquiring, exploring and developing gold properties in West Africa. The Company has assembled a significant land position through five option agreements to acquire 100%-owned permits in the prolific gold prospective Birimian rocks of western Mali for its Kandiole Project. RosCan is listed as a Tier 2 mining issuer on the TSX Venture Exchange (“TSX-V”) and its common shares trade under the symbol ROS. The Company’s common shares also trade on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbol 2OJ.
Kandiole Project – Mali
In January, 2020, Roscan commenced phase 1 of its 2020 exploration program, which includes up to 10,000 metres of drilling largely directed at its southern discovery target on its Mankouke permit. Results from the drill program at Mankouke South continue to be very encouraging and demonstrates that Mankouke South remains open at depth and along strike to the north. In addition, a second drill was deployed during Q2/20 for a regional AC drill program at the Company’s Kandiole West permit. Our drilling plans now consists of 45,000 metres using four drill rigs.
Acquisition of the Dabia South gold property – Mali
In June 2020, Roscan entered into a definitive agreement with Komet Resources Inc. (“Komet”) to acquire Komet’s Dabia Sud gold property (35 sq. kms) that adjoins the Company’s Kandiole Project in Mali. The consideration to be paid by the Company shall consist of $1,600,000 in cash and $1,600,000 in common shares. The number of shares to be issued shall be based on the five (5) day volume weighted average price, as traded on the TSX Venture Exchange, as of the day prior to closing. The acquisition is expected to close by June 30, 2020.
On December 12, 2019, Roscan completed a 44,930,000 unit brokered private placement for gross proceeds of
On May 27, 2020, Roscan completed a 23,437,500 share brokered private placement for gross proceeds of
As of the date of this MD&A, the Company has received additional proceeds of $4,059,228 from the exercise of 30,122,295 warrants and $343,000 from the exercise of 3,050,000 stock options.
Director and management changes
On December 19, 2019, Mr. Nana Sangmuah was appointed President/Chief Executive Officer and a director of the Company and Dr. Andrew Ramcharan was appointed the Company’s Executive Vice-President of Corporate Development and Investor Relations. The Company’s former President/Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Gregory Isenor, with 50 years of experience in the mineral sector, was appointed Executive Vice-Chair of the Company.
Mr. Sangmuah has over 20 years of international mining experience and provides Roscan with strong leadership skills and an extensive knowledge of the mining exploration industry and capital markets. Most recently, Mr Sangmuah was Managing Director, Equity Research – Metals and Mining for Clarus Securities Inc (“Clarus”). During Mr. Sangmuah tenure’s at Clarus, he successfully grew Clarus’s capital markets mining profile and transitioned Clarus to become one of the leading financial mining institutions; and, attracted institutional capital funds into a number of west African mining companies, including Endeavour Mining, SEMAFO, Asanko Gold, Cardinal Resources, Perseus Mining, Golden Star Resources, amongst others. Prior to Clarus, Mr. Sangmuah held other global equity research roles with Haywood Securities Inc. and Stifel Financial Corp U.S.A. Mr. Sangmuah holds a BSc Hon’s degree in Mining Engineering from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, and an MBA from University of Toronto – Rotman School of Management.
Dr. Ramcharan has over 20 years’ experience in the mining industry and international experience involving over 300 mining project evaluations, exploration, and corporate development/investor relations. Most recently, Dr. Ramcharan was Managing Director at Sprott Inc., and Manager-Corporate Development at IAMGOLD Corporation. Dr. Ramcharan worked with the team that made a major discovery of over one (1) million ounces of NI 43-101 Compliant gold in Panama in 2013. He lectured at University of Toronto in Mineral Resource and Mineral Reserve Estimation, MIN301. Dr. Ramcharan is a graduate of the Colorado School of Mines, the University of Leoben and completed Harvard University’s Continuing Education Program. Dr. Ramcharan is a P.Eng in Ontario, a Registered Member of The Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration (SME), a Fellow of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) and The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (SAIMM).
On January 12, 2020, Mr. Michael Gentile transitioned from his strategic advisor role (appointed December 12, 2019) to being a director of the Company. From 2003 to 2018 Mr. Gentile worked as professional money manager at Formula Growth Ltd, an independent investment management firm established in Montreal in 1960 with a long-term track record of creating investor wealth. While at Formula Growth Mr. Gentile’s main sector focus was the mining and natural resource sectors. In 2012, he became the co-manager of the Formula Growth Alpha Fund, a market neutral hedge fund focused on small to mid-cap equities. From 2011 to 2018 the Formula Growth Alpha Fund became one of the largest market neutral funds in Canada, growing its assets under management to over $650 million by the end of 2018. In October 2018, Mr. Gentile retired from full time money management and remains a very active investor in the mining space, owning significant stakes in several small-cap mining companies.
On January, 12, 2020, Sir Samuel Jonah was appointed a director and non-executive chair of the Company. Sir Jonah earned an Associateship in Mining Engineering at the Camborne School of Mines, Cornwall, England, and subsequently a M.Sc in Mine Management at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London. He also has an honorary Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) degree awarded jointly by the Camborne School of Mines and the University of Exeter (UK) in 1996. Sir Jonah joined Ashanti Goldfields Corporation in 1979, working in various capacities, including underground operations. At the age of 36 he became the Chief Executive Officer (CEO), and supervised the transformation of Ashanti Goldfields into a mining multinational, increased gold production from 240,000 ounces per annum to over 1.6 million ounces in over ten years, and oversaw the company’s listing as the first operating
African company on the New York Stock Exchange. He became Executive President of Anglo Ashanti Ltd (world second largest gold producer at the time) in May 2004 when Ashanti merged with AngloGold Limited.
In June 2003, Sir Jonah became the first Ghanaian to be knighted in the 21st century when he was presented with an honorary knighthood by the Prince of Wales, in recognition of his achievements as an African businessman, a leading business executive from the Commonwealth, and an international public figure. In his long career he has successfully served on many boards, including the board of Vodaphone UK and the advisory board of Bank of America. Sir Jonah is the Chairman of Helios Towers that competed an initial public offering in October 2019 for $1.8 billion.
On January 12, 2020, Mr, David Mosher and Mr. Donald Whalen resigned from the Company’s board of directors to accommodate the appointments of Mr. Gentile and Sir Jonah.
At Roscan’s annual shareholder meeting held on March 26, 2020, the Company’s board of directors was reduced to four members, as Mr. Donald Dudek, Mr. David Kavanagh, Mr. Chris Irwin and Mr. Mark McMurdie did not stand for re-election.
On April 30, 2020, Mr. David Reading was appointed as the Company’s technical adviser. Mr. Reading has significant expertise in the global gold mining industry with over 40 years of experience across the fields of exploration, feasibility, project development and mining. He is the former Chief Executive Officer of European Goldfields and Aureus Mining, and the former general manager of African exploration for Randgold Resources. In addition, he was special adviser to Continental Gold and has consulted to various mining groups with assets in the Americas and Africa. Mr. Reading has an MSc in economic geology and is a fellow of Institute of Materials, Metals and Mining (IOM3) and the Society of Economic Geologists (SEG).
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic related to COVID-19). Its impact on global economies has been far-reaching, and businesses around the world are being forced to cease or limit operations for long or indefinite periods of time. Measures taken to contain the spread of the virus, including travel bans, quarantines, social distancing, and closures of non-essential services have triggered significant disruptions to businesses worldwide, resulting in an economic slowdown. Global stock markets have also experienced greater volatility and a significant weakening. Governments and central banks have responded with monetary and fiscal interventions to stabilize economic conditions.
The duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the effectiveness of government and central bank responses, remains unclear at this time. It is not possible to reliably estimate the duration and severity of the COVID- 19 pandemic, nor its impact on the financial position and results of the Company in future periods. Roscan is proceeding with its exploration activities as long as the work environment remains safe. Roscan has established rigorous controls, prevention measures and a response plan in order to ensure the health of its workers. Roscan’s personnel that does not need to be in the field are working from home.
Kandiole Project – Mali, West Africa
Roscan has assembled a significant land package, encompassing 254 sq. kilometres, of 100%-owned permits in the prolific gold prospective Birimian rocks of west Mali. Roscan believes these are high potential properties, as they are located in an area of existing multi-million ounce gold deposits and producers. Kandiole lies along trend and south of the Oklo Resources Ltd. discovery and the Komet Resources Inc. discovery (intercepts to 2.02 g/t Au over 62 metres) and north of the IAMGOLD/Merrex Siribaya discovery.
In F2018, Roscan entered into five option agreements with private entities to acquire a 100%-interest in six contiguous gold prospective permits, as described below.
Kandiole North Option Agreement* (40 sq. kms.) – Effective, November 3, 2017**
pay Touba Mining SARL (“Touba”) an aggregate of $80,000 over a three (3) year option period, as follows:
$40,000 in two $20,000 instalments, payable May 3 (paid) and November 3, 2018 (paid);
$20,000 in two $10,000 instalments, payable May 3 (paid) and November 3, 2019 (paid); and,
$20,000 in two $10,000 instalments, payable May 3 (paid) and November 3, 2020.
pay permitting fees of 10,000,000 CFA francs (paid), approximately $23,500, to the Malian government’s Direction Nationale de la Geologie et des Mines (“DNGM”).
Touba shall retain a 5% net profit interest (“NPI”) and a 2% net smelter return royalty (“NSR”) on all ore mined from the property. Roscan has the right to purchase one-half of the NSR (equivalent to a 1% NSR) for $1,000,000.
- The renewal date for the Kandiole North permit is March 1, 2021.
** Touba assigned its option rights under its agreement with Quani-Or SARL to the Company.
Kandiole West Option Agreement* (25 sq. kms.) – Effective, November 3, 2017 **
pay Touba Mining SARL (“Touba”) an aggregate of $80,000 over a three (3) year option period, as follows:
$5,000 on signing (paid);
$15,000 comprised of a $5,000 instalment, payable May 3, 2018 (paid), and a $10,000 instalment, payable on November 3, 2018 (paid);
$20,000 in two $10,000 instalments, payable May 3 (paid) and November 3, 2019 (paid); and,
$40,000 in two $20,000 instalments, payable May 3 (paid) and November 3, 2020.
pay permitting fees of 10,000,000 CFA francs (paid), approximately $23,500, to the DNGM.
Touba shall retain a 5% net profit interest (“NPI”) and a 2% net smelter return royalty (“NSR”) on all ore mined from the property. Roscan has the right to purchase one-half of the NSR (equivalent to a 1% NSR) for $1,000,000.
- The renewal date for the Kandiole West permit is June 13, 2021.
** Touba assigned its option rights under its agreement with Kara Mining SARL to the Company.
Segando South and Moussala North Option Agreement* (97 sq. kms.) – Effective, March 31, 2018
pay K. L. Mining SARL and K. A. Gold Mining SARL (collectively, the “Optionor”) an aggregate of US$400,000 over a three (3) year option period, as follows:
US$40,000 in signing (paid);
US$60,000, payable March 31, 2019 (paid);
US$120,000, payable March 31, 2020 (paid); and,
US$180,000, payable March 31, 2021.
Incur an aggregate of US$165,000 in exploration expenditures over the option period, as follows:
First year – US$40,000 (completed)
Second year – US$60,000 (completed)
Third year – US$65,000
Pay permitting fees (paid) to the DNGM. The DNGM is in the process of formalizing the grant of these leases.
The Optionor shall retain a 2% NSR on all ore mined from the property. Roscan has the right to purchase one-half of the NSR (equivalent to a 1% NSR) for US$1,200,000.
- The Moussala North permit (32 sq. kms) was granted by the DNGM to the Company on April 6, 2020 and the DNGM is in the process of formalizing the grant of the Segando South permit (65 sq. kms). The renewal date for the Moussala North permit is April 6, 2023.
Niala Option Agreement (75 sq. kms.)* – Effective, April 27, 2018
pay SOLF SARL an aggregate of $117,500 over a three (3) year option period, as follows:
$12,500 on signing (paid);
$30,000, payable April 27, 2019 (paid);
$35,000, payable April 27, 2020 (paid); and,
$40,000, payable April 27, 2021.
Incur an aggregate of $205,000 in exploration expenditures over the option period, as follows:
First year – $50,000 (completed)
Second year – $75,000 (completed)
Third year – $80,000
pay permitting fees of 5,000,000 CFA francs (paid), approximately $12,500, to the DNGM.
SOLF shall retain a 2% NSR on all ore mined from the property. Roscan has the right to purchase one-half of the NSR (equivalent to a 1% NSR) for $500,000.
- The renewal date for the Niala permit is May 23, 2021.
Mankouke Option Agreement (17 sq. kms.)* – Effective, June 22, 2018
pay Minex SARL an aggregate of $250,000 over a three (3) year option period, as follows:
$40,000 on signing (paid);
$60,000, payable June 22, 2019 (paid);
$70,000, payable June 22, 2020 (paid); and,
(iv) $80,000, payable June 22, 2021.
Issue 1,000,000 Roscan shares (750,000 shares issued) to Minex in four equal instalments during the option period.
Incur an aggregate of $205,000 in exploration expenditures over the option period, as follows:
First year – $50,000 (completed)
Second year – $75,000 (completed)
Third year – $80,000
Minex shall retain a 3% NSR on all ore mined from the property. Roscan has the right to purchase two- thirds of the NSR (equivalent to a 2% NSR) for US$1,000,000.
- The Mankouke permit is currently in the process of being renewed by the DNGM. The permit came up for renewal on April 3, 2020.
During the option periods for all of the permits, Roscan shall be responsible for keeping each permit in good standing and performing all obligations required by law.
Roscan’s initial compilation of technical information of the Kandiole Project identified several areas of immediate interest. An initial exploration program consisting of prospecting, mapping and sampling of the entire land position was completed in F2018 with the objective of identifying areas for more detailed exploration, including drilling. In addition, a program of detailed soil and termite sampling was completed in specific areas of the permits, considered, in the short term, to be the most prospective areas of the land package.
The Mankouke property overlies the northerly-trending magnetic Siribaya structure that may represent a regional- scale thrust fault. Some of Roscan’s strongest termite and gold-in-soil anomalies lie along this structure. The Siribaya structure and the corridor associated with the structure host established resources and additional exciting new discoveries such as Oklo’s Seko and Komet’s Kabaya.
In November 2018, Roscan commenced a 5,900-metre air core (AC) drilling program on the Mankouke and Moussala North permits to test the full width of a series of gold anomalies on termite mounds and gold-in-soil gold anomalies (please refer to Roscan’s news release of January 24, 2019 for further information). The AC drilling consisted of 77 holes (47 holes on Makouke and 30 holes on Moussal North) over five anomalies that were tested with seven lines of AC holes drilled across the targets in a general east-west direction.
Four drill fences, completed over the stronger targets in the Mankouke area, are summarized as follows:
Line 1 – tested an anomalous area up to 750 metres wide and 600 metres long with termite and soil values ranging from 102 parts per billion (ppb) to 588 ppb gold; target area lies in a magnetic low embayment along the magnetic trend which may represent a large hydrothermal alteration zone;
Line 2 – tested a target area up to 400 metres wide by 800 metres long with termite and soil values ranging from 52 ppb to 499 ppb gold; target area lies approximately 1,000 metres to the south of the line 1 target area and along the same interpreted mineralized structure;
Line 3 – lies approximately 500 metres to the south and west of line 2 target area; drill fence to test an interpreted, approximately 1,200-metre-long, parallel mineralization trend across a 425-metre wide target area with termite and soil values ranging from 127 ppb to 675 ppb gold.
Line 7 – lies approximately 250 metres to the south of line 1 target area; designed to test the Line 1 anomaly.
Drill fences at Moussala North were designed to test three strong anomalous gold trends. These anomalies are well defined and appear to be associated with a strong, northeast-trending structure that is semi-parallel to, and west of, the Siribaya structure. The three drill fences range from 225 metres to 275 metres wide with termite and soil values ranging up to 16,000 ppb gold.
Highlights of drilling lines 1 – 7:
5.94 g/t gold over 14 metres (including 26.7 g/t gold over 2 metres)
8.68 g/t gold over 14 metres (including 41.5 g/t gold over 2 metres)
8.47 g/t gold over 18 metres (including 29.0 g/t gold over 4 metres)
4.98 g/t gold over 8 metres (including 16.6 g/t gold over 2 metres)
Note: True widths of all drill holes reported in the MD&A cannot be determined from the current information available
In February 2019, Roscan commenced a 1,930-metre air core (AC) program and reverse circulation (RC) drilling at Mankouke, to follow-up on the initial drilling noted above (please refer to Roscan’s news release of April 11, 2019 for further information). A 370-metre RC drilling program on the line 7 discovery was completed to test for the down dip extension of the mineralization. It was concluded that due to poor recovery in the RC drilling the assay results may be inconclusive and a diamond drilling program was designed to test the discovery mineralization extension.
In addition, 1,560-metres of AC drilling over two lines were completed. One line north of line 7 and one line south of line 7. This AC drilling was to test the north and south extension of the discovery. Significant drilling results from the 1,930-metre drill program are provided below.
During April to July 2019, in total, a 30,054-metre air-core (AC) (2,017m for 19 holes) and diamond drill program (DD) (28,037m for 607 holes) was conducted to test the north and south extensions of the Mankouke gold discovery zone, as well as the many other strong termite and soil gold anomalies identified on the other Kandiole permits (please refer to Roscan’s news releases of July 22, 2019 and August 16, 2019 for further information).
Highlights: Diamond Drill – Mankouke
8.63 g/t gold over 10 metres (including 11.48 g/t gold over 7 metres)
6.53 g/t gold over 5 metres (including 10.09 g/t gold over 3 metres)
5.56 g/t gold over 3 metres (including 7.14 g/t gold over 2 metres)
3.45 g/t gold over 10 metres (including 6.76 g/t gold over 3 metres)
Highlights: Air-Core (AC) – Mankouke
5.86 g/t gold over 26 metres (including 9.44 g/t gold over 10 metres)
3.74 g/t gold over 30 metres (including 6.73 g/t gold over 6 metres) –
7.59 g/t gold over 8 metres (including 28.30 g/t over 2 metres)
In addition, the strong gold values intersected in AC drilling at the southern end of the Mankouke permit, the Southern Mankouke discovery indicates that the entire seven-kilometre long trend of the Siribaya structure, on the Mankouke Permit, is a high priority exploration target.
The Mankouke gold mineralization trend is hosted in breccia zones which are interbedded with deeply weathered saprolitic metasediments. This drilling indicates that the gold discovery initially reported (see news release of January 24, 2019) has “roots” and is not supergene.
In January 2020, Roscan announced the launching of its 2020 Exploration Program, which was originally planned for a total of 10,000 metres of drilling largely directed at the Mankouke South Target. The notable positive results led Roscan to approve a significantly expanded drilling campaign to 45,000m, or 4.5x than initially planned, and addition of 2 more drill rigs to site, bringing the total rig count to 4 drill rigs.
The drill program has successfully proven the extension at depth and wider intersections at Mankouke South Target. The drill program has extended the depth of the Southern Mankouke Target from 80m in February 2020 to 120m in mid-April 2020, then to 155m in May 2020, and now is at 165m depth, which remains open.
Drilling Highlights from the 2020 Drilling Exploration Campaign (please refer to Roscan’s news releases of February 27, 2020, April 13, 2020, May 4, 2020, and June 22, 2020 for further information):
Highlights from February 2020 Drilling – Mankouke
Mineralisation to 80m vertical depth
8.68 g/t Au over 39.0m-ACMan-20-312 from 6.0m
Including 19.1 g/t Au over 16.0m from 8.0m
3.18 g/t Au over 88.0m-DDMan-20-20 from 4.7m
Including 12.4 g/t Au over 7.0m from 38.7m
Highlights from April 2020 Drilling – Mankouke
Mineralisation to 120m vertical depth
3.20 g/t Au over 70.0m-DDMan-20-27 from 29.2m
Including 9.19 g/t Au over 15.0m from 29.2m
5.75 g/t Au over 22.0m-DDMan-20-26 from 20.2m
18.6 g/t Au over 3.5m-DDMan-20-25 from 140.2m
Highlights May 2020 Drilling – Mankouke
Mineralisation to 150m vertical depth
4.84 g/t Au over 62.0m-DDMan-20-29 from 39.2m
Including 12.7 g/t Au over 7.0m from 55.2m
Including 10.0 g/t Au over 13.0m from 73.2m
4.76 g/t Au over 46.0m-DDMan-20-30 from 50.2m
Highlights June 2020 Drilling – Mankouke
Mineralisation to 165m vertical depth
5.16 g/t Au over 65.0m-DDMan-20-34 from 93.2m
Including 12.6 g/t Au over 7.0m from 103.2m
Including 15.1 g/t Au over 5.0m from 138.2m
4.03 g/t Au over 28.5m-DDMan-20-34 from 23.7m
Drill hole DDMan-20-34 intersected one the highest gram meter thus far of 5.14gpt over 65m at Southern Mankouke. This drill hole when coupled with previously high-grade drill holes shows the persistent high grade nature of the deposit. Drill hole DDMan-20-41 intersected a high-grade interval of 14m @ 1.79gpt in fresh rock at Mankouke South which shows the gold mineralization extends at depth in the fresh rock.
Regional Exploration Update:
Diamond drilling and AC drilling will continue on Southern Mankouke, and other regional targets.
With the Komet Acquisition, Roscan will consolidated a land package comprising of ~20km strike length on the Siribaya-Mankouke-Seko Corridor, a major structural trend that is approximately 5km wide in certain areas.
Exploration of this corridor has confirmed the occurrence of mineralization in Mankouke South, Central Mankouke, Kandiole, Kabaya, Disse and Walia. Kabaya already has a historical estimate that warrants following up with incremental drilling.
The initial drilling at Kandiole has proven out the hypothesis of gold mineralization and will be following up on some of the high grades after a planned Airborne Survey.
The exploration team, up to mid-December 2019, was led by Roscan’s Executive Vice-Chairman, Gregory Isenor, P.Geo, and John Learn, Roscan’s exploration manager. Subsequent to mid-December 2019, the exploration team is now being led by Mr. Nana Sangmuah, Roscan’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Isenor and Mr. Learn.
Drilling will continue on the Southern Mankouke discovery and other key target areas. Also further termite mound sampling will be competed in areas not sampled previously. In addition further AC drilling will be completed to test termite mound gold anomalies not tested to date. We will follow up on other exploration target on the property and advance our exploration program.
On September 16, 2018, the Company retained the services of Michael Poulin to assist the Company in its investor relations activities. The original six month term of the agreement was extended and now revolves on a monthly basis. Compensation for the investor relations activities consists of a $3,500 monthly fee and a grant of 150,000 stock options. The options were granted on May 14, 2019 and vest in quarterly instalments of 37,500 and were issued with an exercise price of $0.15 and a three year term.
SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY RESULTS
Fiscal 2020 Corporate Exploration
Interest and and Share-based Net loss
income administrative evaluation payments Net loss per share
$ $ $ $ $ $
Q2 April 30 5,070 742,211 2,045,516 358,589 3,139,889 0.018
Q1 January 31 7,239 389,458 687,302 949,805 2,029,524 0.014
Q4 October 31 2,070 482,606 307,126 29,318 818,376 0.005
Q3 July 31 8,894 411,996 2,048,999 583,246 3,039,275 0.028
Q2 April 30 2,877 251,739 800,876 – 1,060,417 0.011
Q1 January 31 – 128,356 659,226 – 793,590 0.009
Q4 October 31 – 148,218 265,647 239,810 657,533 0.009
Q3 July 31 – 97,056 428,249 – 523,484 0.010
For F2020, fluctuations in quarterly results were influenced by: (1) corporate and administrative expenses, which were significantly impacted by – financing activity in Q1 and Q2 – changes in management in Q1 and management compensation in Q1 and Q2 – the degree of marketing and corporate development activity – and, the adoption of a new stock option plan and a restricted share unit/deferred share unit plan in Q2; (2) exploration and evaluation expenditures related to the Kandiole Project; and, (3) share-based payments attributable to the grant of stock options in each quarter.
For F2019, fluctuations in quarterly results were influenced by: (1) corporate and administrative expenses, which were significantly impacted by – financing activity and the Company’s annual shareholder meeting in Q2 – the degree of marketing and corporate development activity – and, legal fees and the accrual of annual audit and tax services fees in Q4; (2) exploration and evaluation expenditures related to the Kandiole Project; and, (3) share-based payments attributable to the grant of stock options in Q3.
For F2018, fluctuations in quarterly results were influenced by: (1) corporate and administrative expenses, which were significantly impacted by – the degree of marketing and corporate development activity – the magnitude of legal fees to support corporate activity – and, the accrual of annual audit and tax services fees in Q4; (2) exploration and evaluation expenditures related to the Kandiole Project; and, (3) share-based payments attributable to the grant of stock options in Q4.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three month period
The net loss for the second quarter of F2020 was $3,139,889 versus a net loss of $1,060,417 for the comparable quarter of F2019, representing an increase of $2,079,472. The increase in the net loss was primarily attributable to higher: (1) Kandiole Project exploration and evaluation expenditures (F2020 – $2,045,516 vs F2019 – $800,876) which were mainly impacted by the drill program that was initiated at the end of Q1/20; (2) corporate and administrative expenditures (F2020 – $742,211 vs F2019 – $251,739), as: project evaluation activity led an increase in consulting fees; investor awareness programs/campaigns, participation in industry trade shows/conferences and the advancement of corporate development and marketing initiatives, resulted in a sizeable increase in corporate development and promotion costs; warrant exercise activity and the adoption of a new stock option plan and a restricted share unit/deferred share unit plan resulted in increasing listing and share transfer costs; management fees grew due to the addition of a new Chief Executive Officer on December 19, 2019 and the recognition of a bonus for the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer’s past performance; and, elevated corporate activity led to higher professional fees (legal); and, (3) share-based payments (F2020 – $358,589 vs F2019 – $nil) represent the fair value assigned to 2,000,000 stock options granted to directors/officers. Interest income (F2020 – $5,070 vs F2019 – $2,877) represents interest earned on the Company’s cash holdings. The foreign exchange gain of $16,396 (F2019 – $10,679 loss) resulted primarily from favourable fluctuations in the United States dollar and the West African CFA franc.
Six month period
The net loss for the six month period of F2020 was $5,169,413 versus a net loss of $1,854,007 for F2019, representing an increase of $3,315,406. The increase in the net loss was influenced by elevated Kandiole Project exploration activity and activities to support expanded corporate operations.
The increase in corporate and administrative expenditures (F2020 – $1,131,669* vs F2019 – $380,095) resulted from higher:
consulting fees and office and general expenses, as costs were incurred for project evaluation, to enhance insurance coverage and support activity at the Company’s Bedford, Nova Scotia and Toronto, Ontario offices;
corporate development and promotion costs, as the Company enhanced its corporate development and marketing initiatives, which included costs for industry trade shows/conferences, investor relations, investor awareness programs/campaigns and investor communications;
listing and share transfer costs, attributable to an increase in share issuance activity and the adoption of new stock option plan and a restricted share unit/deferred share unit plan;
management fees, resulting from management changes made on December 19, 2019 and the recognition of a bonus for the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer’s past performance;
professional fees, due to an increase in legal fees to support elevated corporate activity; and,
travel costs, as the need for corporate and project related meetings grew.
Note – approximately 45% of the F2020 corporate and administrative costs are considered non-recurring.
Kandiole Project exploration and evaluation expenditures (F2020 – $2,732,818 vs F2019 – $1,460,102) consisted of option payments and costs to support and conduct drilling and field exploration programs. The Company’s accounting policy is to expense exploration expenditures as incurred.
Share-based payments (F2020 – $1,308,394 vs F2019 – $nil) represents the fair value assigned to 10,500,000 stock options granted to directors/officers and a consultant.
Interest income of $12,309 (F2019 – $2,877) was earned on cash held on deposit with a Canadian banking institution.
The foreign exchange gain of $16,676 (F2019 – $16,687 loss) resulted primarily from favourable fluctuations in the United States dollar and the West African CFA franc.
Depreciation (F2020 – $21,910 vs F2019 – $nil) represents the straight-line depreciation of the Company’s right-of- use lease assets for office space in Bedford, Nova Scotia and in Toronto, Ontario. Interest on lease liabilities expense (F2020 – $3,607 vs F2019 – $nil) represents the interest component contained in the office lease payments.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Operating activity cash flows for the six month period of F2020 were impacted by Kandiole Project exploration expenditures, which were primarily responsible for the increase in prepaid expenses and accounts payable.
Financing activity cash flows for the six month period of F2020 reflects: net proceeds of $4,077,294 from the closing of a brokered 44,930,000 unit private placement; proceeds of $2,609,508 from the exercise of 21,725,068 warrants; proceeds of $253,000 from the exercise of 2,450,000 stock options; and, the repayment of the principal portion of the lease liabilities. During the current quarter of F2020, the Company received proceeds of $2,609,508 from the exercise of 21,725,068 warrants and proceeds of $238,000 from the exercise of 2,300,000 stock options.
As at April 30, 2020, Roscan had cash of $3,283,958 and working capital of $2,965,130. Sales tax receivables represent amounts to be refunded by the Canadian government. Prepaid expenses include amounts advanced to fund future corporate and Kandiole Project activities. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities include $21,802 payable to related parties for fees and the reimbursement of expenses.
As of the date of the MD&A, Roscan has raised capital of $16,395,258 during F2020, of which $7,355,508 was raised during the first six months of F2020 by way of a brokered unit private placement and the exercise of warrants and stock options. Subsequent to April 30, 2020, the Company raised additional capital of $9,039,720 from: a 23,437,500 common share private placement closed on May 27, 2020 for gross proceeds of $7,500,000; the exercise of 8,397,227 warrants for proceeds of $1,449,720; and, the exercise of 600,000 stock options for proceeds of $90,000.
It should be noted, that as of the date of the MD&A. there are 67,642,787 warrants currently “in the money” and if exercised could bring in an additional $11,912,390 to fund future working capital needs. Roscan is sufficiently funded to carry out its planned F2020 activities. Further, should Roscan acquire additional properties then the Company may require additional capital to fund the acquisition and/or any associated exploration activities on the new property.
On November 1, 2019 the Company adopted IFRS 16 (Leases) which requires the Company to capitalize its leases as right-of-use assets and recognize a corresponding lease liability using the present value of the lease payments. The Company leases office space in Bedford, Nova Scotia and in Toronto, Ontario and these leases range in expiration from December 31, 2021 to April 30, 2022. The Company leases it Bedford, Nova Scotia office from a related party.
As of the date of this MD&A, Roscan has the following securities outstanding:
Common shares 224,082,162
The movement in the securities outstanding since April 30, 2020, was due to: the May 27, 2020 closing of a 23,437,500 common share private placement and the issuance of 1,406,250 broker warrants; the exercise of 8,397,227 warrants;
and, the exercise of 600,000 stock options; and, the issuance of 250,000 common shares pursuant to the Mankouke Option Agreement.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS AND BALANCES
Consulting fees of $1,250 (F2019 – $nil) for the six month period were paid to Metal Tree Inc. a company controlled by Mr. Don Dudek, a former Company director.
Management fees for the services of Company officers of $316,550 (F2019 – $55,500) for the current quarter and
$408,600 (F2019 – $111,000) for the six month period were paid as follows:
President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Nana Sangmuah – $75,000 (F2019 – $nil) for the current quarter and $110,500 (F2019 – $nil) for the six month period, paid to Ekrakow Consulting. The agreement for Mr. Sangmuah’s services was effective, December 19, 2019.
Executive Vice-Chairman and former President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Greg Isenor – $222,500 (F2019 – $37,500) for the current quarter and $260,000 (F2019 – $75,000) for the six month period, paid to G.P. Isenor Company Ltd (“GPI”). During the current quarter, Mr. Isenor received a $185,000 bonus in recognition of past services. The agreement for Mr. Isenor’s services was effective, November 1, 2017.
Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Mark McMurdie – $19,050 (F2019 – $18,000) for the current quarter and $38,100 (F2019 – $36,000) for the six month period, paid to Rustle Woods Capital Inc. The agreement for Mr. McMurdie’s services was effective, November 1, 2017.
Legal fees of $23,317 (F2019 – $46,303) for the current three month period and $69,802 (F2019 – $57,298) for the six month period were paid or became payable to Irwin Lowy LLP (“Irwin”), a law firm in which Mr. Chris Irwin, a former Company director, is a partner. These amounts are allocated to corporate and administrative expenses (professional fees) and share capital (share issuance costs).
Share-based compensation (non-cash) of $356,100 (F2019 – $nil) for the current three month period and $1,113,805 (F2019 – $nil) for the six month period represents the fair value of stock options granted to directors/officers.
Premise lease payments of $7,500 (F2019 – 4,500) for the current quarter and $15,000 (F2019 – $9,000) for the six month period were paid or became payable to GPI for the Company’s office in Bedford, Nova Scotia. The office lease expires on April 30, 2022. With the adoption of IFRS 16 (Leases) on November 1, 2019, these payments are now applied to the lease liability account and for the comparative period the lease payments were included in corporate and administrative expenses under premises. The present value of the right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability at the time of adoption was $68,224. As at April 20, 2020 the lease liability balance was
The Company has in place termination and change of control clause agreements with two of the Company’s officers, whereby the officers are entitled to a cumulative amount of $529,000 in the event they are terminated without cause or in the event there is a change of control.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
For additional information on commitment and contingencies, please refer to Note 13 in Roscan’s unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements for the six month period ended April 30, 2020.
NEW ACCOUNTING POLICIES
For information on current and future changes in accounting policies and disclosures, please refer to Note 4 in Roscan’s unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements for the six month period ended April 30, 2020.
Disclosure on Roscan’s financial instruments and related risks may be found in Note 15 of Roscan’s unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements for the six month period ended April 30, 2020.
Roscan’s exposure to liquidity risk has been mitigated with the vast amount of capital raised in F2020. The Company need will utilize its capital to fund acquisitions, option and property payments, corporate and project overheads and exploration activities. In addition, Kandiole Project expenditures are denominated in the West African CFA franc (FCFA), Euros and the United States dollar, giving rise to market risk from changes in foreign exchange rates.
The Company does not have a risk management committee or written risk management policies. The Company has not entered into any specialized financial agreements to minimize its credit or foreign currency risks. There are no off-balance sheet arrangements.
This MD&A may contain forward-looking statements relating to, but not limited to, Roscan’s assumptions, estimates, expectations and statements that describe Roscan’s future plans, intentions, beliefs, objectives or goals, that are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or anticipated by such forward-looking statements. Statements that address activities, events or developments that the Company expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements or forward-looking information, including, but not limited to, statements preceded by, followed by or that include words such as “may”, “will”, “would”, “could”, “should”, “believes”, “estimates”, “projects”, “potential”, “expects”, “plans”, “intends”, “anticipates”, “targeted”, “continues”, “forecasts”, “designed”, “goal”, or the negative of those words or other similar or comparable words. Examples of such forward-looking statements, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, include:
potential to earn our interest in mineral properties;
ability to complete permit or property acquisitions/transactions and conduct exploration work;
evaluation of the potential impact of future accounting changes;
capital requirements and ability to obtain funding; and,
ability to continue as a going concern: and,
Known and unknown factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in the forward- looking statements and forward-looking information. Such factors include, but are not limited to:
condition of underlying commodity markets and prices;
ability to raise necessary capital;
fluctuations in foreign exchange and stock market volatility;
receipt or retention of necessary permits or approvals;
suspension or delays in our operations due to diseases or viruses;
access to properties and contests over title to properties;
obtaining exploration, environmental and mining approvals;
quality of exploration results and mineralogy;
performance of our partners and their financial wherewithal;
the speculative nature of exploration and development and investor sentiment;
competition for, among other things, capital, acquisitions of resources and/or reserves, undeveloped lands and skilled personnel;
changes in national and local government personnel, legislation, taxation, controls, regulations and political or economic developments in which the Company conducts or may conduct business;
business opportunities that may be presented to, or pursued by, us;
our ability to correctly value and successfully complete acquisitions;
effectiveness of corporate relations;
Although Roscan believes that the assumptions, estimates and expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, results may vary, and we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements due to the inherent uncertainty. Roscan disclaims any intent or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or other such factors which affect this information, except as required by law.
RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES
Roscan is in the business of exploring for minerals and, if successful, ultimately mining them. The mining sector is by its nature, cyclical, competitive and risky. Many of these risks are beyond the Company’s control. Investment in the mining sector in general and the exploration sector, in particular, involves a great deal of risk and uncertainty and Roscan’s common shares should be considered as a highly speculative investment. Current and potential investors should give special consideration to the risk factors involved.
Roscan uses its best judgment in the acquisition of mineral properties or an alternative business venture and, in pursuit of such opportunities, the Company may fail to select appropriate acquisition candidates or negotiate acceptable agreements, including agreements to finance the acquisition and development of the mineral properties or business venture. The Company cannot provide assurance that it can complete any acquisition that it pursues, on favourable terms, or that any acquisition will ultimately benefit the Company.
Artisanal miner risk
Artisanal mining activity does occur at Roscan’s Kandiole Project, from time to time. While the Company has been able to conduct its exploration activities at this project, there is no guarantee that access to the properties will be granted in the future or that the Company will be successful in moving the artisanal miners, if need be.
Roscan must compete with a number of other companies that possess greater financial and technical resources. Competition in the mining and business sectors could adversely affect the Company’s ability to acquire mineral properties or projects.
Conflicts of interest risk
Certain directors and officers of Roscan, in their personal capacities or as directors or officers of other companies, are engaged or have interests in mineral exploration and development activities outside of the Company. Accordingly, exploration opportunities or prospects of which they become aware of may not necessarily be made available to the Company.
Counterparty risk is the risk that each party to a contract will not fulfill its contractual obligations. The entering into a transaction for a business opportunity exposes the Company to this risk. The Company is exposed to this risk through its Kandiole Project option agreements.
Dependence on directors, management and third parties risk
Roscan is very dependent upon the efforts and commitment of its directors, management, consultants and Touba Mining SARL to the extent that if the services of these parties were not available, or Touba failed to perform its obligations at the Kandiole Project, a disruption in the Company’s operations may occur, which may have an adverse effect on the Company’s objectives and financial condition.
Exploration and development activities conducted on Roscan’s mineral properties are subject to the environmental laws and regulations of the country in which the activities take place. Environmental legislation is evolving in a manner
which will require stricter standards and enforcement, increased fines and penalties, more stringent environmental assessments and a heightened degree of responsibility for companies and their officers, directors and employees.
Environmental laws and regulations may change at any time prior to the granting of necessary approvals. The support of local communities may be required to obtain necessary permits. Although the Company undertakes to comply with current environmental laws and regulations, there is no assurance that changes in environmental laws or regulations will not adversely affect the Company’s operations.
There is no assurance that the activities of Roscan will be successful and result in economic deposits being discovered and in fact, most companies are unsuccessful due to the low probability of discovering an economic deposit. Once mineralization is discovered, it may take several years until production is possible during which time the economics of a project may change. Substantial expenditures are required to establish reserves through drilling. Roscan’s ability to establish a mining operation is subject to a host of variables, such as the physical, technical and economic attributes of a deposit, availability of capital, cyclical nature of commodity markets and government regulations.
Exploration activities involve risks which even a combination of experience, knowledge and prudence may not be able to overcome. Exploration activities are subject to hazards and risks which could result in injury or death, property damage, adverse environmental conditions and legal liability. Fires, power disruptions and shortages and the inability to access land or obtain suitable or adequate equipment or labour are some of the hazards and risks involved in conducting an exploration program.
Financing and liquidity risk
The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, retain its mineral properties, finance its exploration and development activities and make acquisitions is highly dependent on its working capital and its ability obtain additional funds in the capital/equity markets. Roscan does not have production income or a regular source of cash flow to fund its operating activities. In addition, Roscan’s financial success is dependent on the extent to which it can discover mineralization in economic quantities and the economic viability of developing its properties or projects.
Roscan will require significant capital to finance its overall objectives and there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to raise the capital required, thus jeopardizing the Company’s ability to achieve its objectives, meet its obligations or continue as a going-concern. Given the nature of the Company’s operations, which consist of exploration, evaluation, development and acquisition of mineral properties or mining projects, the Company believes that the most meaningful financial information relates primarily to current liquidity and solvency. There can be no assurance that the Company’s directors/officers will fund the Company’s working capital needs.
Failure to obtain sufficient and timely financing may result in delaying or indefinitely postponing exploration or development activities. If the Company obtains debt financing, it may expose its operations to restrictive loan and lease covenants and undertakings. If the Company obtains equity financing, existing shareholders may suffer dilution.
Pandemic diseases and viruses risk
Roscan’s operations are exposed to the risk of pandemic diseases and viruses (such as COVID-19), which could have adverse economic and social impacts on global societies and in areas in which the Company operates. Such pandemics pose a threat to maintaining our operations as planned, due to shortages of workers and contractors, supply chain disruptions, insufficient healthcare, changes in how people socialize and interact, government or regulatory actions or inactions, declines in the price of our underlying commodities, as well as capital market volatility. There can be no assurance that our workers, partners, suppliers, consultants and contractors will not be impacted by such diseases or viruses. As a result, the Company may not be able to predict and effectively mitigate the impact from such diseases or viruses on its operations and these diseases and viruses could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition and share price.
Exploration and development activities depend, to one degree or another, on adequate infrastructure. Reliable roads, bridges, power sources and water supply are important determinants, which affect capital and operating costs. The lack of availability of acceptable terms or the delay in the availability of any one or more of these items could prevent or delay exploration or development of the Company’s projects. If adequate infrastructure is not available, there can be no assurance that the exploration or development of the Company’s projects will be commenced or completed on a timely basis, if at all.
Malian operating risk
Roscan’s operations in Mali are exposed to various levels of political, economic and other risks and uncertainties and any changes in the political or economic climate in Mali, or other countries in Africa, even if minor in nature, may adversely affect Roscan’s exploration activities. These risks and uncertainties vary from time to time and include, but are not limited to: labour disputes, invalidation of governmental orders and permits, uncertain political and economic environments, potential for bribery and corruption, high risk of inflation, currency devaluation, high interest rates, sovereign risk, war (including in neighbouring states), military repression, civil disturbances and terrorist actions, arbitrary changes in laws or policies, consents or rejections, granting of waivers, corruption, arbitrary foreign taxation, delays in obtaining or the inability to obtain necessary governmental permits, opposition to mining from environmental or other non-governmental organizations, limitations on foreign ownership, difficulty obtaining key equipment and components for equipment and inadequate infrastructure.
In March 2012, Mali was subject to an attempted coup d’état that resulted in the suspension of the constitution, the partial closing of the borders and the general disruption of business activities in the country. Subsequently, the presence of United Nations, French and Malian troops in the country has had the effect of increasing security and rendering stability to the nation. However, conflicts with terrorist insurgents and bouts of violence have continued, primarily in the northern and central regions of Mali. The gold mining regions of Mali are principally located in the southern regions of Mali. As such, the operations of Roscan and other mining companies have, to date, not been disrupted in any material respect; however, companies operating in the region (including Roscan) continually monitor and assess the situation and potential risks. These risks may limit or disrupt operations and exploration activities, restrict the movement of funds or result in the deprivation of contractual rights or the taking of property by nationalization or expropriation without fair compensation, all of which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations.
Malian government and political risk
While the government of Mali has supported the development of its natural resources by foreign companies, there is no assurance that the government will not in the future adopt different policies or new interpretations respecting foreign ownership of mineral resources, rates of exchange, environmental protection, labour relations, and repatriation of income or return of capital. Any limitation on transfer of cash or other assets between Roscan and its subsidiaries could restrict Roscan’s ability to fund its operations, or it could materially adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
Moreover, mining tax regimes in foreign jurisdictions are subject to differing interpretations and constant changes and may not include fiscal stability provisions. Roscan’s interpretation of taxation law, including fiscal stability provisions, as applied to Roscan’s transactions and activities may not coincide with that of the Malian tax authorities. As a result, taxes may increase and transactions may be challenged by Malian tax authorities and Roscan’s Malian operations may be assessed, which could result in significant taxes, penalties and interest. Roscan may also encounter difficulties in obtaining reimbursement of refundable taxes from tax authorities.
The possibility that the Malian government may adopt substantially different policies or interpretations, which might extend to the expropriation of assets, cannot be ruled out. Political risk also includes the possibility of civil disturbances and political instability in neighbouring countries, as well as threats to the security of properties and workforce due to political unrest, civil wars or terrorist attacks. Any such activity may disrupt our operations, limit our ability to hire and keep qualified personnel as well as restrict our access to capital.
Roscan’s current and anticipated future exploration and development activities on its properties, require permits from various governmental authorities. Almost all of these permits are currently held by private entities. The costs and delays associated with obtaining necessary permits and complying with these permits and applicable laws and regulations could prevent, delay or restrict the Company from proceeding with certain exploration or development activities. There can be no guarantee that the Company or the private entities holding the permits will be able to obtain, renew or maintain all necessary licenses and permits that may be required to explore and develop its properties,
There can be no assurance that all permits that the Company requires will be obtainable on reasonable terms, or at all. Delays or a failure to obtain or renew such permits, or a failure to comply with the terms of any such permits that the Company has obtained or is earning an interest in, could have a material adverse impact on the Company.
The ability of Roscan to finance the acquisition, exploration and development of its mineral properties and the future profitability of the Company is strongly related to: the price of gold; the market price of the Company’s equities; and, commodity and investor sentiment. Gold and equity prices fluctuate on a daily basis and are affected by a number of factors beyond the Company’s control. A decline in either the price of gold, the Company’s issued equities or investor sentiment could have a negative impact on the Company’s ability to raise additional capital. Management monitors the commodity and stock markets to determine the applicable financing strategy to be taken when needed.
Property title risk
Although Roscan takes reasonable measures to ensure proper title in the properties in which it holds or is acquiring an interest, there may still be undetected title defects affecting such properties. Accordingly, the properties in which Roscan holds or is acquiring an interest may be subject to prior unregistered liens, agreements, transfers or claims, or unsatisfied work commitments, all of which could have a material adverse impact on Roscan’s operations. In addition, the Company may be unable to access or operate its properties as permitted or to enforce its rights with respect to its properties. If a title defect exists, it is possible that the Company may lose all or part of its interest in the properties to which such defects relate.
Further, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to secure the grant or the renewal of exploration permits or other tenures on terms satisfactory to it, or that governments having jurisdiction over the Company’s mineral properties will not revoke or significantly alter such permits or other tenures or that such permits and tenures will not be challenged or impugned.
Share volatility and dilution risk
The securities markets are subject to a high level of price and volume volatility, and the securities of many mineral exploration companies can experience wide fluctuations in price, which have not necessarily been related to the operating performance, underlying asset values or prospects of such companies. The price of the Company’s common shares may also be significantly affected by short term changes in mineral prices or in the Company’s financial condition or results of operations as reflected in its financial reporting.
In order to finance future operations and development efforts, the Company may raise funds through the issue of common shares or the issue of securities convertible into common shares. The Company cannot predict the size of future issues of common shares or the issue of securities convertible into common shares or the effect, if any, that future issues and sales of the Company’s common shares will have on the market price of its common shares. Any transaction involving the issue of shares, or securities convertible into shares, could result in dilution, possibly substantial, to present and prospective holders of shares.
Sufficiency of insurance risk
The business of the Company is subject to a number of risks and hazards generally, including adverse environmental conditions and pollution, industrial accidents, labour disputes, unusual or unexpected geological conditions, ground
or slope failures, cave-ins, changes in the political or regulatory environment and natural phenomena such as inclement weather conditions, floods, earthquakes and dust storms. Such occurrences could result in damage to mineral properties, personal injury or death, environmental damage to the Kandiole Project, delays in the exploration and development of the Kandiole Project, monetary losses and possible legal liability.
Although the Company maintains insurance to protect against certain risks in such amounts as the Company considers to be reasonable, the insurance may not cover all the potential risks associated with the operations of the Company and insurance coverage may not be available or may not be adequate to cover any resulting liability. It is not always possible to obtain insurance against all such risks and the Company may decide not to insure against certain risks because of high premiums or other reasons. Moreover, insurance against risks such as environmental pollution or other hazards as a result of exploration and development is not generally available to the Company or to other companies in the mining industry on acceptable terms. Losses from these events may cause the Company to incur significant costs that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and/or the value of its securities or otherwise affect the Company’s insurability and reputation in the market.
If the Company incurs losses not covered or not fully covered by the Company’s insurance policies, such losses may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and/or the value of its securities.